An Easy Guide for Homeowners on How to Maintain Your HVAC

Ian Mutuli
Updated on
Ian Mutuli

Ian Mutuli

Founder and Managing Editor of Archute. He is also a graduate architect from The University of Nairobi, Kenya.
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HVAC stands for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. It is found in a variety of places, from single-family houses to commercial buildings, and they provide environmental comfort.

These systems, which are becoming increasingly common in new buildings, utilize fresh air from the outside to offer good interior air quality. The process of replenishing or exchanging the air inside a room is ventilation.

This improves indoor air quality by removing moisture, smoke, smells, heat, dust, airborne bacteria, carbon dioxide, and other pollutants. It also controls the temperature and replenishes oxygen.

Homeownership comes with plenty of responsibilities. You must not only ensure that your mortgage is paid on time each month, but you must also monitor the operations of your house to ensure that everything is running well. HVAC maintenance isn't especially glamorous, but it's an important component of keeping your house functioning smoothly.

When it comes to maintaining an acceptable level of indoor air quality as well as thermal comfort, the three primary functions of an HVAC system are inextricably linked. While your heating and cooling system are probably one of the most complex and extensive in the house, you'll immediately notice when it malfunctions.

Common Issues Of HVAC And The Maintenance Process

It's possible that what you think is a significant problem with your system is simply a minor thermostat issue. If your system goes down completely, check to make sure that the thermostat is turned on and the batteries are charged. Other thermostat problems might arise as a result of improper programming.

If you have a programmable thermostat, you may configure it to vary according to your schedule or temperature variations throughout the day. However, it's fairly uncommon for a heating or cooling problem to be caused by a lack of awareness on how to properly adjust the thermostat.

It shouldn't be too much to expect to be comfortable in your own house, yet HVAC problems are unavoidable from time to time. Fortunately, by investing in regular preventive maintenance, you may avoid many of these problems.

Many of these difficulties may be readily resolved with a do-it-yourself method. However, if you are unable to resolve your HVAC difficulties on your own, an HVAC professional can assist you in rapidly resolving them. Contact a professional through frameworks services for any kind of issues you are facing regarding your HVAC system.

Here are some common issues you might face with your HVAC.

1. Drain Line Leaks

Refrigerant, oil, or water can leak from HVAC systems. For HVAC systems to work effectively, they must maintain a closed loop. A malfunctioning compressor can cause major oil spills. If there is difficulty with the venting of condensed air, HVAC systems will potentially leak water.

Any HVAC connection or drain line has the potential to leak. These leaks make your system work harder than it should, and you may need to replace one or more components as a result. Keep a watch out for leaks from the AC condensate line and heat exchanger, as well as leaks from the refrigerant lines.

2. Debris And Dirt-Free Air Filters 

When there's a lot of moisture in the air, dirt streaking around the supply registers and up the wall or ceiling might be exacerbated. Moisture makes particles cling together, causing grime to collect on vents and other surfaces.

Debris must be removed from every component of your HVAC system, from the filters to the electric panel and everything in between. Filters clogged with dust and allergens can pump allergens and dust into your home, reducing air quality, the flow and perhaps blocking the system, and also causing the system to operate inefficiently.

3. Corrosion On Wires And Terminals

Pits form in the copper condenser coil of your outdoor HVAC unit when it is exposed to chloride or fluoride in the air, rain, or chemical cleansers. Both types of corrosion can eventually cause microscopic holes to develop in your cooling coils, allowing refrigerants to escape.

Damp conditions in the environment, such as humidity, rain, and snow, are the most prevalent causes of corrosion on outdoor air conditioning units (we recommend aircon service Singapore). Although the device is usually protected by a housing, moisture can leak in via the holes where air passes through, corroding the metal components.

When wire comes into contact with moisture, corrosion is a possibility. Corrosion can occur on any wires or terminals associated with your HVAC system, causing your heating or cooling system to switch on and off on its own. It will push your system to work harder, similar to leaks, and may eventually lead to a total breakdown.

Ways To Maintain Your HVAC System

You need to take really good care of your HVAC system to prevent any of the issues mentioned above. Here are some ways you can maintain your home’s HVAC.

Generally, the technician will do a visual inspection of the circuits,  drain line, condensate pump, safety controls, and every cap and valve. To avoid sparking or failure, electrical components will be examined for signs of wear or damage and replaced if necessary. He'll make sure your outside unit is level for maximum efficiency.

However, there are ways you can fix the issues yourself.

You can't make an HVAC to-do list until you know what needs to be done in the first place. These are the regular HVAC maintenance activities that you should perform each year, barring any unanticipated difficulties. We've divided them into particular time frames so you can readily distinguish between what has to be done now and what needs to be done once a year.

1. Things To Do Immediately

Check for clutter, such as boxes, grass, leaves, and furniture, surrounding the visible interior and outdoor components of your HVAC system.

Ensure that all HVAC system components have two feet of clearance around them.

If you haven't already, get high-efficiency air filters so you'll be prepared. Install a high-efficiency filter if you don't already have one.

2. Things To Do Seasonally 

Every 90 days, replace the air filter.

During summer or fall, you should change the humidifier wick filter and set the humidistat within 35% to 40% relative humidity. While doing this, you should turn off the water supply, then turn it on again after the process.

3. Things To Do Annually 

Replace the batteries in all of your carbon monoxide detectors around your home.

If your HVAC motor isn't working properly, lubricate it and replace the fan belt.

Bleach the condensation drain line on your air conditioner. Instructions on how to do so may be found here.

Examine your outside air conditioning unit to check that it is not just clean of debris but also stands on level ground.

You Can Maintain Your Home’s HVAC Yourself

In performing maintenance works on your HVAC system, you might want to consider hiring professionals to do it. There are specific components that can be difficult for you to do, such as electrical and tweaking mechanisms. Often, relying on professionals like Accuserv can be a big help to ensure maintenance works are done optimally. Follow these maintenance plans to prolong the life of your mechanical system and increase its effectiveness.

Ian Mutuli

About the author

Ian Mutuli

Founder and Managing Editor of Archute. He is also a graduate architect from The University of Nairobi, Kenya.
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