How Much Electricity Does a Crockpot Use?

Ian Mutuli
Updated on
Ian Mutuli

Ian Mutuli

Founder and Managing Editor of Archute. He is also a graduate architect from The University of Nairobi, Kenya.
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If you love slow-cooked, flavorful foods, you definitely know what a crockpot is (also known as a slow cooker). These convenient kitchen appliances have revolutionized how we prepare food and make the cooking experience hassle-free. But did you ever consider how much electricity a crockpot uses?

Understanding how much energy your crockpot uses can help you save money on electricity bills, make smarter energy choices, and contribute to a greener planet. So, how much electricity does a crockpot use?

We’ll discuss how much electricity a crockpot uses and the best practices to save energy so you can cook effectively and confidently.

Read on!

How Many Amps Does A Crockpot Use?

On average, a 6-quart crockpot draws 2.2 amps and operates at 120 volts. This indicates a power range of around 0.6 amps to 2 amps. However, the crockpot’s amp consumption varies depending on the cookware brand and model you buy.

How Many Amps Does A Crockpot Use?

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Since a crockpot has different wattages for different temperature settings, you can easily determine the appliance’s amperage with an easy calculation at any time. To do so, divide the crock pot’s wattage by the voltage supply.

For instance, if your 8-quart crockpot uses 200 watts of power on a 120-volt connection, the amps of the crockpot will be 1.68. Conversely, a high-power crockpot requires between 3 and 5 amps. While a crockpot only requires 1-2 amps for warming a meal.

How Much Electricity Does a Crockpot Use?

A standard 6-quart crockpot uses 180 watts of electricity, the smallest 1.5-quart crockpot uses only 80 watts, and a large 8-quart crockpot uses 320 watts.

How Many Watts Does A Crock Pot Use?

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Some meals, such as neckbones, take a long time to cook. Cooking neckbones on a low setting can take 8–10 hours. So, how many watts of electricity does a crockpot use in eight hours?

On average, crockpots use 120-volt outlets. They also contain 0.6 amps of low-amperage power to keep food warm. When you set the cooking mode high, an amperage of 2 amps is used.

To calculate crockpot power consumption, use this formula:

Power (watts) = Amperage × Voltage

If the 6-quart crockpot uses 2 amps in high cooking mode,

Power = 2 amps x 120V = 240W =0.24kWh

Then the electricity of the 6-quart crockpot for eight hours will be:

Electricity/Power = 0.24 kW x 8 hours = 1.92 kW/hour on a high cooking setting.

How Much Does a Crockpot Cost to Run?

Understanding how much power a crock pot uses will help you know the cost and the electricity bill to expect at the end of the month.

Are Slow Cookers Energy Efficient

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To calculate the crockpot’s energy consumption per day, multiply its wattage by the number of hours. For instance, if you are using a standard slow cooker with 180 watts and cooking for 6 hours, the average power consumption per day will be:

180 watts x 6 hours = 1,080 watt-hours, or 1.08 kilowatt-hours (kWh).

The average electricity rate in the US as of April 2023 is $0.16 per kWh, so the crockpot cost to run daily would be:

1.08 kWh x $0.16/kWh = $0.173, or about 17 cents.

To estimate your monthly cost, multiply the daily cost by the number of days you use the crockpot in a month. For example, if you use the 6-quart crockpot for 12 days in a month, the estimated cost will be:

12 days x $0.173 = $2.08.

Crockpot Vs. Electric Oven Energy Consumption

The wattage of a standard crock pot ranges from 180 to 300 watts. Some larger models usually have a higher wattage, though it is still lower than electric ovens. On the other hand, depending on the size and brand, electric ovens have wattages usually ranging from 1,000 to 5,000 watts.

Crock Pot vs. Electric Oven Energy Consumption

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Crockpots are popular for their energy efficiency since they consume less power and cook food over a long period with minimal energy loss. Conversely, electric ovens use more energy because of their higher wattage and shorter cooking times.

However, the electricity usage also varies depending on your recipe. For instance, if you are making a pasta bake that takes 20 minutes to cook in the electric oven (at 833 W), but a 6-quart crockpot will take 8 hours (1280 W); therefore, it’s more practical to use the oven.

For a large cut of meat that requires a slow roast of more than 5 hours in the oven, it would be more practical to use the crockpot on its highest setting, consuming 1280 W, and let it roast for 8 hours instead.

Factors that Affect Crockpot Power Consumption

1. The wattage of the Crockpot

Crockpot Power Consumption

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As mentioned earlier, a standard crockpot model has wattage ranging from 180 to 300 watts. However, the wattage may vary depending on the crockpot’s size and features. Larger or more advanced models have higher wattages, resulting in increased power consumption, while smaller versions may have lower wattages with low energy consumption.

2. Cooking Temperature Settings

Temperature settings usually allow you to adjust the cooking process depending on your meal. The energy usage varies depending on your temperature setting, with higher cooking temperatures requiring more power than lower settings.

3. Cooking Duration

The longer the cooking duration, the more power the crockpot will use. Recipes with a shorter cooking duration will use less electricity, while recipes that require an extended cooking time consume more energy.

4. Crockpot Size

There are different sizes of crockpots ranging from 1 to 2 quarts (0.95 to 1.9 liters) for small models,3 to 4 quarts (2.8 to 3.8 liters) for medium-sized models, 5 to 6 quarts (4.7 to 5.7 liters) standard models, 7 to 8 quarts (6.6 to 7.6 liters) for large models and 10 quarts or more (9.5 liters or more) for extra-large crockpots.

The size affects the crockpot’s electricity consumption. You should therefore choose the right crockpot size depending on your cooking requirements, the number of people you often cook for, and the recipes you intend to make. Large crockpots may have a higher wattage, resulting in increased power usage.

5. Frequency of Use

The frequency with which you use the crockpot affects its overall power usage. Frequent use of the crockpot will result in higher power consumption. Some people use their slow cooker as a primary cooking appliance, while others use it occasionally.

6. Type of Food and Ingredients

How much electricity does a crockpot use

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Different meals and ingredients have unique requirements, affecting the crockpot’s cooking time and overall power usage. Foods with a higher water content usually require less power to cook, and vice versa.

7. Lid Opening

As mentioned earlier, heat escapes when you open the crockpot’s lid while cooking, and it takes longer to return to the right temperature, resulting in higher energy use. The lid of a crockpot opening or often lifting during cooking can affect the cooking process and energy consumption.

Energy-Saving Tips to Reduce Crockpot Electricity Usage?

How much electricity does a crockpot use

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1. Always prepare food in the crockpot that matches your meal portions. Using a small crockpot for smaller meals usually reduces energy waste and minimizes cooking time.

2. Take advantage of the programmable features included in most modern crockpots. Use these features to set the temperature and cooking time precisely, ensuring that your food is ready when needed.

3. Prepare several dishes at once. If you have several crockpot recipes, consider cooking them together in one crockpot. This optimizes energy efficiency by using one appliance for different dishes.

4. Set lower temperature settings when cooking to save electricity while preparing delicious meals. We recommend trying it out with low and medium settings for recipes that allow it.

5. Unplug the crockpot when not in use to avoid unnecessary energy usage.

6. Avoid opening the lid often to check on your meal because every time the lid is opened, heat escapes, increasing the cooking time and leading to higher energy consumption.

7. Use the crockpot for versatile cooking since it’s not limited to stews and soups. Try different recipes, such as oatmeal, desserts, dips, and casseroles, to make the most of its energy-efficient cooking.

Frequently Asked Questions: How Much Electricity Does a Crockpot Use?

1. Does a slow cooker use a lot of electricity?

A slow cooker is one of the kitchen appliances with the highest energy efficiency. It usually uses roughly as much energy as a regular electric light bulb. This means that a slow cooker actually consumes very little energy, even if it’s on for a longer amount of time.

2. Is it cheaper to use a slow cooker or an oven?

Using a slow cooker is often less expensive than using an oven, but always take into account The slow cooker’s size, the recipe you’re preparing, and the cooking time.

3. Is a slow cooker cheaper to run than a cooker?

Generally, crockpots are less expensive to operate than ovens. However, they might not necessarily save you money compared with using a gas hob or an induction hob.

4. Does a slow cooker use more electricity than a cooker?

Although the slow cooker will remain on longer than if you used an electric oven, that doesn’t mean you will consume more power because they use far less energy.

5. Is a slow cooker money-saving?

You’ll save money since slow cookers use less electricity than other cooking methods. Besides, it requires less food preparation and allows you to do other things while cooking. Also, it’s great for bulk cooking, ensuring you always have a delicious meal to enjoy after a long day.

Ian Mutuli

About the author

Ian Mutuli

Founder and Managing Editor of Archute. He is also a graduate architect from The University of Nairobi, Kenya.
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